Here Chronology represents the history of Chersonesos Taurica, Balaklava and Sevastopol from the ancient Greeks till our days.

See here: Map of Sevastopol, Pictures of Sevastopol
Pictures of Balaklava, Pictures of Chersonesos

Crimea with a private guide Sergey Sorokin: one-day and many-day tours sightseeing & hiking




History of Sevastopol. Chronology.
5th century BC 422 BC Ancient Greeks, who came originally from Heraclea Pontica, settled on the shore of the picturesque and serene bay, known today as Quarantine Bay (Karantynna Bay). They founded Tauric Chersonesos (Khersones locally), a city-state that played a very important role in the history of the northern part of the Black Sea region.
1st century BC - 5th centuries AD Romans dominated the Black Sea region. The first Roman road – Via Militaris was constructed.
5th-6th centuries AD Chersonesos became the stronghold of the Byzantine Empire on the northern coast of the Black Sea.
9th-10th centuries Chersonesos, referred to in ancient Kiev chronicles as Korsun', played a very important role in the economic and political contacts between the Crimea and the Kievan Rus.
988 AD Prince Volodymyr the Great of Kievan Rus was famously baptized as a Christian in Chersonesos.
13th-14th centuries Powerful Genoese fortresses arose in different parts of the peninsula. Ruins of one of them, Cembalo (Chembalo) still towers over Balaklava. Close to Inkerman the remains of the ancient fortress Calamita, built in the 6th century AD, are still standing.
15th-18th centuries 1475-1774 Turkish Ottoman empire controlled the area together with the Crimean khans. Crimean Tatar state was established by Giray dynasty.
1696 First Russian battleships made their first appearance in the Sea of Azov.
18th century Russia and Turkey fights for the influence at the area.
1769-1774 Turkey lost the war. Russia was able to trade in the Black Sea and Mediterranean. Russia captured Southern Ukraine and the Crimea recently controlled by Tartars and Turks. Tartars exodus to Turkey began.
June,3 1783 The foundations of the first stone buildings were laid on the shore of Sevastopol's Bay. The new settlement was called Akhtiar (which may be translated as "the white gorge").
February,10 1784 On Katherine the Great's order a fortress was founded on the territory of Akhtiar, which was given the name of Sevastopol.
1792 The population of Sevastopol was 15,000.
1797 The city was renamed Akhtiar. The former name was not readopted until 1826.
1804 The Russian government officially declared Sevastopol the main naval port on the Black Sea.
1822 The first Nautical Library was opened in Sevastopol.
1824 "The public garden of the Marine Department" was arranged on the coast of Artillery Bay.
The 2nd quarter of the 19th century Mikhail Lazarev, a geographer and navigator, was Supreme Commander of the Navy. Under his rule Sevastopol became a first-class naval fortress and the biggest city in the Crimea as well.
1843 The theatre was erected at the foot of Boulevard Hill. Visiting European actors and actresses often performed there.
1850 The Naval Officers' Club was opened. It became not only a place for leisure and entertainment but also a major cultural centre of the city.
September,13 1854 -August,27 1855 An army comprising more than 60,000 British, French and Turkish troops, having occupied strategic bays, started the siege of Sevastopol, which lasted for 349 days.
1872-1875 The Lozovo-Sevastopol railway was built connecting the Crimea to the mainland Ukraine.
1892 Karl Kosciusko-Waluzynicz founded the Chersonesos Archeological Museum.
1894 The first telephone line in the Crimea was put into action.
1897-1899 A power station and tram-lines were built.
1904 The Monument to the Sunken Ships was erected.
1905 The famous Panorama Museum was open to commemorate The defense of Sevastopol of 1854-1855.
1909 On the initiative of a well-known scientist, the oceanographer Lieutenant General Yuli Shokal's'kyi one of the first marine observatories in the country was founded.
1910-1913 A new theatre, a circus and four cinemas were opened. The City Theatre was host to performances by the companies of Mykhailo Staryts'kyi, Marko Kropyvnyts'kyi, Mykola Sadovs'kyi. Among the actors were the outstanding Fedor Shaliapin, Vera Pashenna, Maria Zan'kovets'ka.
1917-1920 Civil War. German occupation. Entente (British, French & Italian marines) forced out Germans to help the White Guard to restore control over the region.
November,15 1920 The regiments of the Red Army entered the city and the Soviet rule was established. 132 overloaded boats and battleships with more than 145,000 refugees - most of White Guard and the royalists - left for good Sevastopol and other Crimean ports.
1930 The population of the city was about 75,000. By early 1941 it rose to 112,000.
October,29 - July,3 1942 The second heroic defense of Sevastopol, which lasted 250 days, went down in history as one of the major and glorious events of the World War II
May,10 1944 The city was liberated from Nazism.
May 18, 1944 Stalin ordered to deport Crimean Tartars to Central Asia.
February 1945 President Roosevelt and Sir Winston Churchill visited Sevastopol during Yalta Conference. Stalin ordered 32,000 construction workers to restore the city; only 10 buildings in town today date from before 1945.
1952 The Soviet leaders planned to turn Sevastopol into a nuclear shield.
1954 The Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev transferred the legislative control over Crimea to Ukraine.
1991 Mikhail Gorbachev was kept blocked in Foros close to Sevastopol. The USSR disintegrated. The disputes over the navy between Ukraine and Russia started.
August,24 1991 Ukraine declared independent.
1996 Sevastopol was open to outsiders.
2005 The population of Sevastopol was about 380 000

Copyright © 2006-2015 Map of RussiaTours in Crimea with a private guideYalta & Sevastopol shore excursions